• Privacy policy

    Last updated: June 1st, 2017

    Amazon Travel Inc. (“us”, “we”, or “our”) operates ManausBooking.com(the “Site”). This page informs you of our policies regarding the collection, use and disclosure of Personal Information we receive from users of the Site.

    We use your Personal Information only for providing and improving the Site. By using the Site, you agree to the collection and use of information in accordance with this policy.

    Information Collection And Use

    While using our Site, we may ask you to provide us with certain personally identifiable information that can be used to contact or identify you. Personally identifiable information may include, but is not limited to your name (“Personal Information”).

    Log Data

    Like many site operators, we collect information that your browser sends whenever you visit our Site (“Log Data”).

    This Log Data may include information such as your computer’s Internet Protocol (“IP”) address, browser type, browser version, the pages of our Site that you visit, the time and date of your visit, the time spent on those pages and other statistics.

    In addition, we may use third party services such as Google Analytics that collect, monitor and analyze this.

    Cookies

    Cookies are files with small amount of data, which may include an anonymous unique identifier. Cookies are sent to your browser from a web site and stored on your computer’s hard drive.

    Like many sites, we use “cookies” to collect information. You can instruct your browser to refuse all cookies or to indicate when a cookie is being sent. However, if you do not accept cookies, you may not be able to use some portions of our Site.

    Security

    The security of your Personal Information is important to us, but remember that no method of transmission over the Internet, or method of electronic storage, is 100% secure. While we strive to use commercially acceptable means to protect your Personal Information, we cannot guarantee its absolute security.

    Changes To This Privacy Policy

    This Privacy Policy is effective as of June 1st, 2017 and will remain in effect except with respect to any changes in its provisions in the future, which will be in effect immediately after being posted on this page.

    We reserve the right to update or change our Privacy Policy at any time and you should check this Privacy Policy periodically. Your continued use of the Service after we post any modifications to the Privacy Policy on this page will constitute your acknowledgment of the modifications and your consent to abide and be bound by the modified Privacy Policy.

    If we make any material changes to this Privacy Policy, we will notify you either through the email address you have provided us, or by placing a prominent notice on our website.

    Contact Us

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  • Terms of use

    Last updated: June 01, 2017

    Please read these Terms of Use (“Terms”, “Terms of Use”) carefully before using the ManausBooking.com website (the “Service”) operated by Amazon Travel Inc. (“us”, “we”, or “our”).

    Your access to and use of the Service is conditioned on your acceptance of and compliance with these Terms. These Terms apply to all visitors, users and others who access or use the Service.

    By accessing or using the Service you agree to be bound by these Terms. If you disagree with any part of the terms then you may not access the Service.

    Accounts

    When you create an account with us, you must provide us information that is accurate, complete, and current at all times. Failure to do so constitutes a breach of the Terms, which may result in immediate termination of your account on our Service.

    You are responsible for safeguarding the password that you use to access the Service and for any activities or actions under your password, whether your password is with our Service or a third-party service.

    You agree not to disclose your password to any third party. You must notify us immediately upon becoming aware of any breach of security or unauthorized use of your account.

    Services

    All services offered on the site are operated by Amazon Travel Inc.
    By checking-out you fulfilling a binding contract between you and Amazon Travel Inc.

    Payment terms

    Payment is due at pick up in US Dollar, Euro or Brazilian Real at current exchange rate issued by Brazilian Central Bank.
    Accepted payment options are Bitcoin, American Express credit card, ELO debit/credit card, Mastercard debit/credit card, VISA debit/credit card or cash.
    In certain cases a deposit is required. The deposit is not refundable.

    Cancellation policy

    You can cancel contracted services up to 24 hours before operation date.
    In case of no show full payment is required.

    Links To Other Web Sites

    Our Service may contain links to third-party web sites or services that are not owned or controlled by Amazon Travel Inc.

    Amazon Travel Inc. has no control over, and assumes no responsibility for, the content, privacy policies, or practices of any third party web sites or services. You further acknowledge and agree that Amazon Travel Inc. shall not be responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with use of or reliance on any such content, goods or services available on or through any such web sites or services.

    We strongly advise you to read the terms and conditions and privacy policies of any third-party web sites or services that you visit.

    Termination

    We may terminate or suspend access to our Service immediately, without prior notice or liability, for any reason whatsoever, including without limitation if you breach the Terms.

    All provisions of the Terms which by their nature should survive termination shall survive termination, including, without limitation, ownership provisions, warranty disclaimers, indemnity and limitations of liability.

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    All provisions of the Terms which by their nature should survive termination shall survive termination, including, without limitation, ownership provisions, warranty disclaimers, indemnity and limitations of liability.

    Governing Law

    These Terms shall be governed and construed in accordance with the laws of Nevada, United States, without regard to its conflict of law provisions.

    Our failure to enforce any right or provision of these Terms will not be considered a waiver of those rights. If any provision of these Terms is held to be invalid or unenforceable by a court, the remaining provisions of these Terms will remain in effect. These Terms constitute the entire agreement between us regarding our Service, and supersede and replace any prior agreements we might have between us regarding the Service.

    Changes

    We reserve the right, at our sole discretion, to modify or replace these Terms at any time. If a revision is material we will try to provide at least 30 days notice prior to any new terms taking effect. What constitutes a material change will be determined at our sole discretion.

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    Contact Us

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  • Free Airport transfer

    We offer private airport transfer to all any location in Manaus.

    Our sedans and vans are air conditioned and the staff speaks English, German, Spanish, French, Italian.

    We pick you up at the arrival gate with a sign board containing your name.

    Rates:
    Sedan (1-4 person): US$ 25
    Van (1-12 person): US$ 50
    For larger groups please contact us!

    Promotion: Free airport transfer with any tour package!

  • Cruise ship special day tours 2018

    Full day river tour to meeting of the waters and Rio Negro

    Program:
    Boat tour to meeting of the waters
    Observation of Pirarucu fish (Arapaima), largest sweet water fish
    Jungle hike with observation of monkeys, sloths, macaws, alligators, huge Samauma trees and giant water lilies
    Lunch
    Boat tour to Rio Negro
    Swimming with pink river dolphins
    Visit of an Indigenous community with presentation of tribal dances

    Rate:
    US$ 50 per person

    Included:
    Cruise ship pick up/drop off
    River cruise in speed boat
    Lunch buffet
    All entrance fees
    Bilingual native guide

    Full day river tour with bird watching

    Program:
    Boat tour to meeting of the waters
    Observation of birds on Rio Solimoes and creeks
    Lunch
    Observation of birds on Lake Januari and creeks

    Rate:
    US$ 80 per person

    Included:
    Cruise ship pick up/drop off
    River cruise in speed boat
    Lunch buffet
    All entrance fees
    Bilingual native guide

    Half day city tour through the historic center of Manaus

    Program:
    Visit of Amazon theater, Police square museum, Rio Negro palace, Jefferson Peres park, fish market, Adolpho Lisboa market, custom building, main cathedral and floating port

    Rate:
    US$ 40 per person

    Included:
    Hotel/Cruise ship pick up/drop off
    Transfer in air conditioned van
    All entrance fees
    Bilingual native guide

    Schedule:

    Date Cruise ship Time Tour
    Jan 7, 2018 Oceania Sirena 10:00 Full day river tour
    Jan 8, 2018 Oceania Sirena 9:00 Half day city tour
    Jan 24, 2018 Magellan 14:00 Half day city tour
    Jan 25, 2018 Magellan 8:30 Full day river tour
    Feb 8, 2018 Fred Olsen Braemar 10:00 Full day river tour
    Feb 9, 2018 Fred Olsen Braemar 9:00 Half day city tour
    Feb 22, 2018 Viking Sky 14:00 Half day city tour
    Feb 23, 2018 Viking Sky 8:30 Full day river tour
    Feb 27, 2018 Prinsendam 10:00 Full day river tour
    Mar 1, 2018 Silver Muse 14:00 Half day city tour
    Mar 2, 2018 Silver Muse 8:30 Full day river tour
    Mar 16, 2018 Seabourn Quest 8:30 Full day river tour
    Mar 17, 2018 Seabourn Quest 8:30 Full day river tour
    Mar 17, 2018 Seabourn Quest 9:00 Half day city tour
    Mar 18, 2018 Seabourn Quest 9:00 Half day city tour
    Apr 12, 2018 Oceania Sirena 9:00 Full day river tour
    Nov 16, 2018 Oceania Sirena 9:00 Full day river tour
    Nov 21, 2018 Crystal Symphony 9:00 Full day river tour
    Nov 21, 2018 Prinsendam 9:00 Full day river tour
    Dec 7, 2018 Seven Seas Navigator 9:00 Full day river tour
    Dec 8, 2018 Viking Sky 9:00 Full day river tour
    Dec 28, 2018 Viking Sky 9:00 Full day river tour
  • 10% discount on Bitcoin payments!

    Since 2013 we are accepting Bitcoins as payment options.

    Bitcoin is a a type of digital currency in which encryption techniques are used to regulate the generation of units of currency and verify the transfer of funds, operating independently of a central bank.

    We are buying Bitcoins at actual exchange rate, we pay in advance via bank transfer or PayPal, denomination in US$, Euro or Brazilian Real.

  • Malaria and Zika Virus alert

    The Malaria virus is transmitted through the Anopheles mosquito whereas Zika virus, Dengue fever, Yellow fever and Chikungunya are transmitted through the Aedes mosquito.
    Both mosquitoes reproduce itself in stagnant water.
    Most risk of infection is the the early morning or late afternoon hours.

    Cases of Malaria, Dengue fever and Chikungunya around Manaus had come down and there had been no cases of Yellow fever reported the recent years.
    So far there have been reported less then 100 cases of Zika Virus in Manaus and none in the tourist areas.

    On our tour we operate in black water Eco-systems as on the Rio Negro or Rio Juma. The water is acid and therefore very few mosquitoes are found. Further on the lodges are equipped with mosquito nets and repellent is recommended.

    Malaria treatment is available in all medical stations in the Amazon.
    Yellow fever vaccination is required for entering Brazil.
    So far there is no vaccination against Zica virus, Dengue and Chikungunya, but the Brazilian government is working on it.

    From my own experience I had 2 times Malaria and 1 time Dengue fever, the sensation is similar to a flu, with fever and body pains.

  • Olympic Games Manaus 2016

    Olympic Games Manaus2016

     

    Schedule:

    August 4, 18h: Football Men, Sweden – Colombia
    August 4, 21h: Football Men, Nigeria – Japan
    August 7, 18h: Football Men, Sweden – Nigeria
    August 7, 21h: Football Men, Japan – Colombia
    August 9, 18h: Football Women, USA – Colombia
    August 9, 21h: Football Women, Brazil – South Africa

    We are giving away 10 tickets for the USA – Colombia game!

    We offer airport and stadium transfer and have partner hotels starting at US$ 20 double suite.

  • Bird watching

    Just came back from a marvelous trip to the Mamori and Juma river 100km south of Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil
    I was bird watching with Tom from Indiana/US.

    The weather was perfect, we observe the following species and more:

    Latin name English name Length (cm)
    Ardea cocoi Cocoi Heron 120
    Anhima cornuta Horned Screamer 80
    Anhinga Anhinga Anhinga, Snakebird 88
    Ara chloropterus Red-and-green Macaw 90
    Ara macao Scarlet Macaw 85
    Aramus guarauna Limpkin 70
    Ardea alba Great Egret 90
    Brotogeris chrysoptera Golden-winged Parakeet 18
    Bubulcus ibis Cattle Egret 50
    Busarellus nigricollis Black-collared Hawk 51
    Butorides striata Green-backed Heron 36
    Cacicus cela Yellow-rumped Cacique 28
    Cathartes aura Turkey Vulture 70
    Cathartes burrovianus Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture 60
    Chloroceryle amazona Amazon Kingfisher 30
    Crotophaga ani Smooth-billed Ani 36
    Daptrius ater Black Caracara 44
    Egretta thula Snowy Egret 55
    Harpia harpyja Harpy Eagle 105
    Jacana jacana Wattled Jacana 23
    Megaceryle torquata Ringed Kingfisher 40
    Mesembrinibis cayennensis Gree Ibis 58
    Monasa nigrifrons Black-fronted nunbird 27
    Opisthocomus hoazin Hoatzin 62
    Pandion haliaetus Osprey 57
    Paroaria gularis Red-capped cardinal 16
    Phalacrocorax brasilianus Neotropic Cormorant 75
    Pitangus sulphuratus Great Kiskadee 25
    Ramphastos tucanus White-throated toucan 60
    Rostrhamus sociabilis Snail Kite 41
    Sicalis columbiana Orange-fronted yellow finch 12
    Sporophila americana Wing-barred Seedeater 11
    Tigrisoma lineatum Rufescent Tiger Heron 93
    Tyrannus savana Fork-tailed Flycatcher 40
    Phaetusa simplex Large billed tern 43
    Ramphocelus carbo Silver-beaked tanager 18
    Thraupis episcopus Blue-gray tanager 18
    Brotogeris sanctithomae Tui parakeet 17
  • Jaú National Park

    Jaú National Park (1°40’-3°00’S and 61°26’- 64°00’W) is a World Heritage Site located within the Rio Negro watershed of the Amazonian central plain. It is the largest national park in the Amazon Basin, the second largest protected tropical forest and a region of great biodiversity. It protects the entire watershed of the Jaú River, one of the best examples of a blackwater ecosystem, where the water is colored by acidic decomposing organic matter, and a large area of undisturbed dry tropical forest. The park protects both the hydrological basin of the river, and many of the species associated with the system in an area large enough to contain major ecological and biological processes such as wind-blows, floods and natural burns, providing large-scale opportunities to study their effect on the biodiversity of natural ecosystems.

    Geographical Location

    Jaú National Park. (Source: NASA Earth Observatory News)
    Jaú National Park is approximately 200 kilometers (km) north-west of Manaus, within the Rio Negro watershed of the Amazonian central plain. It extends 340 km west of the confluence of the Jaú and Negro rivers between 1°40’-3°00’S and 61°26’- 64°00’W. Its southern boundary is the right banks of the Jau and Carabinani rivers; its southwestern and western boundary is the divide defining the watershed of the Rio Jau; its northern boundary is the left banks of the Igarape Maruim, Paunini and Unini rivers back to the Rio Negro, the left bank of which forms the Park’s eastern boundary as far as the mouth of Rio Jau.

    Date and History of Establishment

    1980: Designated a National Park by Federal Decree No. 85,200;
    1997: Management Plan published for 1997-2002;
    2001: Part of the large designated Central Amazon Biosphere Reserve.
    Area

    2,272,000 hectares (ha).

    Land tenure

    The Federal government owns 98.3% of the Park. This was vacant land transferred from Amazonas state, in the municipalities of Barcelos and Novo Airão. 1.7% (almost 39,000 ha) is comprised of 31 legally held properties which in 2001 are to be repossessed by the state by incorporation into the patrimony of the Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Natural Resources (IBAMA); a further 1.5% of government land on the Unini River is settled by 183 families without ownership title (posseiros) which the government is seeking funds to repossess. The Park is administered by IBAMA assisted by the Vitória Amazônica Foundation (FVA).

    Altitude

    0 – 200 meters (m).

    Physical Features

    The Park includes the whole 1,000,000 ha watershed of the 300 km-long Rio Jaú which has some 1500 sources and a total length of tributaries of about 5,700 km. The park extends to the Carabinani river to its south and to the Unini river and its tributary the Paunini on its north. It is geographically intermediate between the oldest and the most recent sedimentary formations of the Amazon Basin. Nearly 65% is part of the Palaeocene and Pleistocene Solimões Formation, a very extensive sedimentary deposit composed of table uplands which form barriers to the drainage. Other formations within the Park include the older Palaeocene Prosperança and Trombetas formations, which underlie 17% and 8% of the Park respectively. Here there are more flat-topped hills 150 to 200 m high with often deep sharply dissected V-shaped valleys. Quaternary sediments formed part of glacial period marine regressions which resulted in the carving of valleys later filled by sediments, the basis of the present drainage patterns.

    The rivers of the Park are lined with beaches of white sand during the dry season and flooded forest during the wet season, There are secondary waterways of differing sizes: igarapés (streams), paranás (braided channels separated from a river by strips of unflooded land) and ria lakes, typical of large rivers in the Amazon region. The Park contains quite a large area of black-water drainage, its dark colour resulting from organic acids released by the decomposition of organic matter and the lack of terrestrial sediments. There is also a nine-tier waterfall on the Carabinani river, falling 800 m. Flooding is highest during June and July when lakes can flood between 5.7-10.5 m. Streams flood only up to 3 m and have less biomass but a greater diversity of species. pH levels are highest during the dry season in late fall and at 2.7 are near the limit for many aquatic organisms.

    Climate

    This is a humid tropical regimen where seasons are defined by the rainfall. This ranges annually from 1,750 millimeters (mm) between July and September to 2,500 mm between December and April. Seasonal temperature ranges can be less than diurnal. The annual average range is between 26ºC and 26.7ºC, increasing as rainfall and water levels fall, and decreasing when they are highest. The absolute maximum is 31.7ºC, the absolute minimum is 22ºC.

    Vegetation

    The tall dry forest cover of the Park is part of the continuous forest of the Amazon central plain. Its landscape is typical of the lower Rio Negro, characterized in a 1978 survey by Radam Brasil as: a) dense tropical forest, mainly on unflooded terra firme, generally very stratified, with a layer of large emergent trees and averaging 180 plant species per hectare; b) open tropical igapó seasonally flooded forest, associated with wide soil and climatic transitions. This is characterized by low trees with thin trunks, with many bromeliad and orchid epiphytes; it grows on sandy nutrient-poor soils and averages 108 plant species per hectare; and c) campinarana, a tall dry shrub-woodland mosaic restricted to the Rio Negro region which grows primarily in well drained uplands. The largest component of this is the arboreal Rio Negro caatinga. It is dominated by tall trees and epiphytes and lianas are very rare. Within each of these macrohabitats is a variety of vegetation types including chavascai swamp and grassland.

    Dominant families at the Jaú river mouth are Palmae, Leguminosae and Chrysobalanaceae, and of the middle reaches, Leguminosae, Burseraceae, Palmae, Myristicaceae and Moraceae. Protium grandiflorum is a common dominant along the river. Palms exist in both canopy and understorey of all types of forest, the predominant palms in non-flooded areas being Mauritia miriti and M. carana.

    Fauna

    Longhaired Spider Monkey, Brazil. (Source: Primate Info Net, National Primate Research Center, University of Wisconsin – Madison)
    The Park protects an impressive range of fauna, with many species associated with blackwater river systems. There is high diversity with 120 species of mammals, including 20 species of rodents and marsupials, 470 birds, said to be approximately two-thirds of the birds recorded from the Central Amazon, 15 reptiles and 320 fishes which are about two-thirds of the fish species recorded in the Rio Negro watershed.

    Mammal species considered locally threatened include longhaired spider monkey Ateles belzebuth (VU), woolly spider monkey Lagothrix lagothricha, blackheaded uakari monkey Cacajao melanocephalus, giant anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla (VU), giant armadillo Priodontes maximus, (EN), bush dog Speothos venaticus (VU), smalleared dog Atelocynus microtis, giant otter Pteronura brasiliensis (VU), longtailed otter Lutra longicauda, jaguar Panthera onca (VU), puma Felis concolor, ocelot F.pardalis, Amazonian manatee Trichechus inunguis (VU). Threatened reptiles are the terrestrial yellow-footed tortoise, Geochelone denticulata (VU), 10 freshwater turtles including P.sextuberculata (VU) and P.unifilis (VU), South American river turtle Podocnemis expansa and black caiman Melanosuchus niger (EN). Rio Jaú also has three other alligators: yellow caiman Caiman crocodilus, Palaeosuchus palpebrosus and P.trigonatus, which is locally found only in this river.

    Bird species in the terra-firme forest number 247 of which 121 are restricted to it. Among these are the harpy eagle Harpia harpiya, whitefaced antcatcher Pithys albifrons and blackfaced antcreeper Myrmoborus myotherinus. The igapó forest has 194 species, 58 being restricted to it. And there are 38 aquatic species including the blackchinned antcreeper hypocnemoides melanopogon and festive and orangewinged amazons Amazona festiva and A.amazonica. Invertebrates include 87 families of insects, with 21 families each of the Coleoptera and Ledidoptera, and 8 species of shrimps.

    Cultural Heritage

    There are no indigenous inhabitants in the area today but a recent survey identified 17 archaeological sites at the mouth of the Rio Jau, with undated material suggesting that the area may have been part of a corridor between the Solimões and Negro rivers peopled by ethnic groups of both regions. Numerous stone carvings were found on the river’s edge. Detailed studies of these sites could help to explain the history of human occupation of the lower Rio Negro. The nearby city of Airão, founded near the end of the 17th century, is in the Park’s buffer zone and was the first Portuguese settlement on the river. Nowadays, the Instituto do Patrimonio Histórico Brasileiro is working on official preservation of the Airão ruins previously abandoned in the 1950s.

    Local Human Population

    No indigenous people live in the Park. The rural population of caboclos are descendents of European, mainly Portuguese, originally attracted by rubber collecting, and the indigenous people. 138 families live along the Unini river, 41 families on the Rio Jaú and 4 families on the Carabinani river. Most were born in the region or in the state, and still live in traditional style, on bitter manioc cultivation, hunting, fishing, gathering turtles and ornamental fish and the collection of timber, rubber, nuts, oils, resins and gum.

    Visitor and Visitor Facilities

    There is no road access to the Park beyond Novo Airão, 100 km downstream and it is only accessible by river, so rented boats are the usual means of access. The journey from Manaus to the Park entrance takes up to 18 hours, or 8 hours by speedboat. Visitors need prior authorization from the Park Director at IBAMA headquarters in Manaus. At the entrance, there is a recently-built visitors’ center, a houseboat for the park guards and housing for researchers and visitors. At present there are few registered tourist agencies arranging trips to the Park, but in 1998 there were 850 visitors, mostly foreigners, who concentrated on the Carabinani waterfalls and the extensive beaches of the Rio Negro. There is a guard post at the mouth of the Rio Jaú and one is planned for the mouth of the Rio Unini which is much visited by fishermen.

    Scientific Research and Facilities

    By agreement with IBAMA, the Vitôria Amazônica Foundation has carried out multidisciplinary research in the Park since 1992, inventorying the fauna and flora, soils and landscape. Ongoing research on the resident population is focused on analysis of land use and activities, large-scale trends in demography, subsistence and environmental impacts. FVA stores the data in a computerized database, as an information center about the Park. Geographic Information Systems are used to generate landscape maps, land-use maps and other images.

    Conservation Value

    Jaú National Park is one of the largest conserved areas in Brazil, and the second largest continuous area of protected tropical rainforest in the world. It protects the entire hydrological basin of the Rio Jau, between two of the greatest rivers of the Amazon basin, the Negro and Solimões, and with both Tertiary and Quaternary geological formations, it harbors a unique group of exceptional ecosystems. It is located primarily on terra-firme, and other forms of open tropical forest. Few conservation units in the Amazon region also protect such a large portion of the flora and fauna of blackwater river systems. It is planned to make it part of the vast projected Central Amazon Protected Areas World Heritage Site.

    Conservation Management

    Rio Negro, Brazil (Source: University of Washington)
    The Park is one of the few conservation units in the Brazilian Amazon with a management plan that is both complete and being implemented. This was evolved between IBAMA, the Vitória Amazônica Foundation (FVA), local municipal governments, research institutions and members of the extraction and tourism industries following guidelines prepared by IBAMA. Nearly 60 expert researchers from 13 different institutions contributed. To integrate local residents with conservation initiatives within the Park there are periodic meetings with residents to disseminate planning decisions, provide training for environmental education professionals and research on the economic valuation of natural resources. In Novo Airão, one example is the Fibrarte Project, set up to stimulate the use of natural fibres such as aruma (Schynosiphon sp.) to produce high quality handicrafts. Action has been taken towards resolving remaining conflicts over land ownership titles. Since 1993 the main body supervising research, planning and management and education in the Park has been the Vitória Amazônica Foundation.

    The management plan has three phases: I: protection, minimizing of impacts and integration with neighbors; II: research into and protection of biodiversity; III: specific activities. It describes programs for the regulation of the use of Park resources, (such as turtles and ornamental fish), survey, research and monitoring, public use, recreation and education about the natural processes of the area, public relations, encouragement of crafts, management training for local people, political integration local and regional, administration and maintenance, and the provision of sponsorship. A zoning plan defines four management zones: Primitive – of great natural value, minimum intervention and maximum protection; Extensive use – some human activity; Intensive use – already altered by man, and Especial use – the Park services core. Key indicators to be used to monitor the state of conservation will include the biological resources, the hydro-climatic cycle, critical habitats, human use and quality of life, park use and effectiveness of the management plan. Indicators for the effectiveness of monitoring are also in place.

    The Brazilian Ministry of the Environment with IBAMA, the National Indian Foundation (FUNAI) and state environmental institutions, has launched a project called ‘Ecological Corridors for the Tropical Brazilian Forest’ (PPG7-PPR), part of the Pilot Program for the Protection of Brazilian Tropical Forests, to support conservation projects and help to regulate the use of natural resources. The four protected reserves form the core of the Central Amazon Corridor and, since 2001, are a part of UNESCO’s MAB Central Amazon Biosphere Reserve.

    Management Constraints

    Deforestation is currently the main threat in the Amazon region. Some 13% of the original rainforest has already been lost to inadequate government policies, inappropriate land use systems, unsustainable resource use activities and the ever-increasing economic pressure on the region’s resources of the last 30 years. Only 3.5% of the total area of 3.5 million square kilometers of the Brazilian Amazon is officially designated federal indirect-use protected areas. These include national parks, biological reserves and ecological stations within which people are not allowed to live. However, this law is unenforceable, and all protected areas in the Amazon region have people living in them.

    The Park is in good condition, the grass fires, blow-downs and floods which do occur being part of the natural order of the forest. But there are around 250 families who fish in the Unini river quite intensively. The Park has also been invaded by people from the surrounding area and is in great need of better basic infrastructure. For instance, there are only three park rangers at the entrance, making it easily invaded by outsiders who remove fish and turtles which may affect future stocks. However, in the surrounding region no development projects such as hydroelectric dams, gas pipelines, power lines, highways, logging or mining exist or are foreseen.

    Staff

    The Park has a staff of four people: Head of Conservation and three rangers which is not yet adequate although 26 volunteer guards have received training. The rangers live with their families and are employed by a private company (Empresa de Segurança). FVA has a staff of 26 people, including two ecologists and three sociologist researchers, three IT experts, two educators, two technical staff responsible for alternative economic activities such as the Fibrarte Project, 11 people in administration and two in charge of the institutional development of the Foundation. The Institute for Ecological Research Instituto de Pesquisas Ecologicas offers training and research and three universities offer appropriate courses and sponsor research in the Park.

     

  • Ponta Negra Beach

    After a long time I decided to check out the recently reformed Ponta Negra Beach.
    The journey began with a bus ride on line 120, totally crowded, everybody partying. Arriving after a 30 minutes journey I was surprised what has changed, clean sand beach, well organized barracas with very cold SKOL beer. Tons of people, hardly could find a place to swim. Checking out the beach I finally ended up at a barraca with people playing pagode, it was really fun. Totally sunburned I checked out the bathrooms and wow, better than Copacabana beach and free!

    Will be next Sunday waiting for you.